So-net無料ブログ作成
検索選択
シンハリ語 ブログトップ

初歩のシンハリ語 [シンハリ語]

初歩のシンハリ語学習サイト

どの国の言葉でもそうですが、すぐ話すためにはまず疑問詞を覚えることが早道のような気がします。英語の比較的通じやすいスリランカですが、シンハリ語の少しでも話せると、随分と違ったコミュニケーションの形となるようです。
It may be quickest way to learn interrogatives first to speak out any foreign languages.
English also can be used in Sri Lanka widely in the country but it might be better to speak out in Sinhala (Singhalese language) for better communication. I'll show you some of Sinhalese interrogatives.

スリランカには3年以上滞在しましたが、当時はよくシンハリ語をしゃべっていました。
ビジネスは英語、プライベートはシンハリ語と使い分けていました。
シンハリ文字は今基礎データ収拾中です。
どのフォントを使うべきか検討しています。
スリランカ滞在時時にメモしておいたシンハリ語疑問詞のリストを以下に表示します。

シンハリ語の疑問詞

(SINHALA) (ENGLESHI)
1 ki-yad-da (stress on ki) // how many (quantity)
2 ki-yad-da o-ne? // How many do you need?
3 o-ne // want
4 ti-kat ki-yad-da? // How many tickets?
5 ka-ma-re ki-yad-da? // How many rooms?
6 ka-ma-re // room
7 mo-kad-da // what (singular)
8 me-ka mo-kad-da? // What is this?
9 me-ka // this
10 oya-ge na-ma mo-kad-da? // What is your name?
11 oya // you
12 oya-ge // your
13 na-ma // name
14 mo-kad-da ki-wa? (stress on ki) // What did you say?
15 ki-wa // said (past tense)
16 kiyanne // say (present tense)
17 mo-na-wa-da // what (plural)
18 me-wa mo-na-wa-da? (stress on me) // What are these?
19 me-wa // these
20 mo-na-wa-da o-ne? // What do you want?
21 o-ne // want
22 mo-na-wa-da bon-ne? // What will you drink?
23 bon-na // drink
24 ki-ya-ta-da (stress on ki) // when (time of day)
25 te ki-ya-ta-da?(stress on te & ki) // When(What time) is tea (time)?
26 bas e-ka ki-ya-ta-da? // When(What time) is the bus
27 enna // come (present tense)
28 ki-ya-ta-da yan-ne? // When(What time) are you going?
29 yanna // go
30 ka-wad-da // when (day of week,month)
31 ka-wad-da yan-ne? // When are you going?
32 ka-wad-da a-we? // When did you come?
33 enna // come (present tense)
34 a-wa // came (past tense)
35 ka-wad-da pe-ra-he-ra? // When is Perahera?

Note:
Difference between "ki-ya-ta-da yan-ne?" and "ka-wad-da yan-ne?" is
simply differense of range of time which they are asking.
I couldn't understand the difference of the above for a long time.

Note:
キャンディーのペラヘラって何?(英文のみです、当時現地で作成したものです)
What is Perahera?
It's a kind of religious festival based on Buddhism which is carried out
in Kandy,central part of the island.
It's held in August for around 10 days and lasts to the day of the full
moon day in August every year.
It's fantastic , numbers of decorated and illuminated elephants are
walking around Kandy city centre , carrying that world famous Buddha
tooth, and that world famous Kandian Dancers are also dancing and
walking around the city together with the Sri Lankan traditional
musical instrument groupe including drums banging some strange,
fantastic, exotic, noisy and strong music, which consist strong and
tough men groupe and beautiful and exotic women groupe, dancing and
walking around in a long queue.
It's one of the most important and sacred festival for Buddist in Sri
Lanka.

シンハリ語の文字は複雑です。
サイトに登場するまでにもう少し時間がかかりそうです。

続きを読む(シンハリ語基礎会話集)

シンハリ語基礎会話集

Sinhala Basic words
(Sinhalese) // (English)
1 Mama // I
2 Ohu // He
3 Aya // She
4 Oya // You
5 Uu // It
6 Meka // This
7 Eake // That
8 K // A
9 Enna // Come
10 Awa // Came
11 Ei // Will come
12 Arinna // Open
13 Ariya // Opened
14 Ari // Will open
15 Edaganda // Sit
16 Edagatha // Sat
17 Edagani // Will sit
18 Awidinawa // Walk
19 Awidda // Walked
20 Awidii // Will walk
21 Kanna // Eat
22 Kawa // Ate
23 Kai // Will eat
24 Bonawa // Drink
25 Biwwa // Drank
26 Boi // Will drink
27 Dnuma // Win
28 Dinna // Won
29 Dinai // Will win
30 Yanna // Go
31 Giya // Went
32 Yai // Will go
33 Duwanawa // Run
34 Diwwa // Ran
35 Duwai // Will run
36 Mama Yanawa // I go
37 Ohu Giya // He goes
38 Ohu Apple Kawa // He eats an apple
39 Ohu Apple Kanawa // He is eating an apple
40 Ohu Apple Kawa // He ate an apple
41 Mama giya sathiye film ekak baluwa // I saw the film last week
42 Aya eye awe bus eke // She came by bus yesterday
43 Egollo pansal giya // They went to the temple
44 Egollo Palliyata Giya // They went to the church
45 Egollo Palliye endala awa // They came from the mosque
46 Ohu mulu rama nidi // He slept the whole night
47 Ohu vibagayata hodin liwa // He wrote well in the examination
48 Ohu kai // He has eaten
49 Ohu kawa // He had eaten
50 Ohu giya // He had gone
51 Ohu awa // He had come
52 Ohu kai // He will eat
53 Ohu yai // He will go
54 Ohu ai // He will come
55 Oyage nama mokakda ? // What is your name?
56 Mokakda // What
57 Oyage // Your
58 Nama // Name
59 Oya Monada karanne ? // What did you do?
60 Mama monada kiyane ? // What should I do?
61 Mama Mona Karandada ? // What can I do?
62 Manada Prasna ? // What are the questions?
63 Monawada thibuna pashna ? // What were the questions?
64 Awasana prashnaya mokakda ? // What is the last question?
65 Lipiye monada thibune ? // What is written in the letter?
66 Oya monawada Kiwwe ? // What you had been told?
67 Pilithura mokak weida ? // What will be the answer?
68 Ai oya awe ? // Why did you come?
69 Ai oya nidiyane ? // Why did you sleep?
70 Ai ohuta yana kiwwe ? // Why did you tell him to go?
71 Ai ohu bag ekak genawe ? // Why did he bring the bag?
72 ai aya Sali gewane ? // Why did she pay the money?
73 Ai aya ehe indagathe ? // Why did they sit there?
74 Ai oya car eka ellawwe ? // Why do you drive the car?
75 Ai egollo rasveemata parakku ? // Why are they late for the meeting?
76 Oya kohomada awe ? // How did you come?
77 Oya kohomada nidagathe ? // How did you sleep?
78 Oya kohomada ellawe ? // How did you drive?
79 Oya kohomada liwe ? // How did you write?
80 Oyage athe apple kiyak thiyanawada ? // How many apples are there in your hand?
81 Oya kiyak gathada ? // How many did you take?
82 Ohu obata kopamana salli gewwada ? // How much money did he pay you?
83 Kochara durak yanda thiyanawada ? // How much distance to go?
84 Koi pareda oya awe ? // Which way did you come?
85 Obe kamathima pata kumakda ? // Which is your favourite colour?
86 Oya koi kamarayeda nida gathe ? // In which room did you sleep?
87 Koi kathawada oya kiwe ? // Which story did you tell?
88 Mokakda rasama palathura ? // Which is the sweetest fruit?
89 Hindiyen ahi hodama patharaya mokakda ? // Which is the best newspaper in Hindi?
90 Oya kohenda awe ? // Where did you come from?
91 Oya koheda nidagathe ? // Where did you sleep?
92 Kalamanakaruge kamaraya mokakda? // Where is the manager’s cabin?
93 Mama kohetada yanda Oni ? // Where should I go?
94 Kawada mama hambenda oni ? // Whom should I contact?
95 Eka Pothakda ? // Is it a book?
96 Eka Pothak // It is a book
97 Ekada pilithura ? // Is it the answer?
98 Ekai Pilithura // It is the answer
99 Oya mageth ekka enawada ? // Will you come with me?
100 Mama obath samaga endada ? // I shall come with you.
101 Oya mata pana denawada ? // Will you give me your pen?
102 Ow. Aniwarayenma // Yes, of course.
103 Oya mata adareida ? // Do you love me?
104 Ow. Mama adarei // Yes, I love you.
105 Oya mata oyage pana denawada ? // Can you give me your pen?
106 Oyata puluwanda pettiya geniyanda ? // Can you lift the box?
107 Oyata puluwanda vibagaya liyanda ? // Can you write the exam?
108 Mata monawahari bondadenda puluwanda ? // Can you give me something to drink?
109 Mata kawruhari panak denawada liyanda ? // Can anybody give me a pen to write?
110 Oya dawal kama kawada ? // Did you have your lunch?
111 Oyata kohomada ? // How are you?
112 Mama hondin // I am fine
113 Wibagayata passe oya mage kamarayata enna. // You come to my room after the exam.
シンハリ語 ブログトップ

この広告は前回の更新から一定期間経過したブログに表示されています。更新すると自動で解除されます。